Medical-surgical specialty that deals with prevention, research, diagnosis and treatment of pathology of the mouth and face and neck structures related thereto.
It is a surgical procedure which aims to bring the extraction or avulsion of a tooth from its socket by breaking the unity and periodontal bone tables dilated with minimal trauma as possible.
It is the process by which we remove the plaque attached to the teeth and the external pigmentation. A material that forms in the mouth and sticks to the teeth, preferably in the neck area. It is withdrawn by the technique of ultrasonic appliances, sometimes it requires several sessions.
Orthodontics is the dental specialty that deals with the correction of dental malocclusion and / or skeletal. That is, the specialty that fixes the bones and teeth that are misplaced or located, making the teeth more aligned and beautiful
Prosthetic / Prosthetic Dentistry.
The ‘Prosthetic’ or dentures is that branch of dentistry which is responsible for restoring the function, anatomy, speech and esthetics of the oral cavity affected following the loss of one or more teeth. These prostheses can be fixed prosthesis as a bridge or removable dentures that can be removed and also can be partial or complete as if they comprise a limited number of teeth or full-arch respectively. Prosthodontics is a device whose purpose is to restore masticatory function, occlusal relationship stability, phonetics and aesthetics. This can be cemented, screwed or mechanically attached to a natural tooth to a pillar or a tooth implanted in a state of root and can replace one piece or multiple pieces until all of the dental arches. Prosthodontics is divided into fixed and removable while branches in total and partial.
Aesthetic dentistry is a multidisciplinary component of the overall facial aesthetics. Creating an optimal smile requires the integration of all disciplines in dentistry. Improvements in dental materials and techniques for using these materials have enabled dentists additional means of artistic expression. This article reviews the treatment modalities to develop a total dentofacial harmony.
Endodontics or root canal treatment is the procedure in which the pulp of a tooth is removed, is its damaged or dead and teh duct is sealed The pulp is the deep part of the tooth and contains blood vessels and nerves, located in the central part of the tooth root and communicating with the jawbone.
Periodontal surgery treatment
Periodontal diseases are chronic infectious processes that affect approximately 70% of the world’s adult population.
Periodontal plastic surgery is a surgical procedure performed to prevent or correct anatomical defects, developmental, traumatic and pathological gingiva, alveolar mucosa or bone tissue.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is the medical-surgical specialty that deals with the prevention, study, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of the pathology of the oral cavity and the craniofacial area and cervical structures related directly or indirectly with these structures
The term cosmetic dentistry includes a number of procedures or techniques that succeed, in a relatively short period of time, in improving the appearance of the teeth, the smile and the gingival tissues.
Dental treatment for tooth restoration and rehabilitation and / or destructive teeth affected by caries, trauma, spots, stains, malposition or lack thereof, has evolved over the last decade through the use of new techniques, both clinical and laboratory, and the contribution of new technologies.
The implant technique can be defined as “the insertion of a tissue, organ or other material” and referring to dental implants: The surgical maneuver of introducing all or part-either in a natural socket, vacuum or artificially prepared one way or subperiosteal a foreign-body (alloplastic) prosthetic purposes, namely to restore lost functions both aesthetic and functional.
It is based on a reconstruction surgery treating jaws lacking retention and stability for the maintenance of conventional prostheses, placing anchor devices in order to obtain or maintain:
- Function: mastication, phonation, swallowing.
- Retention: anatómicoreal lack of support because of loss of bone structures, both normal degeneration of the alveolar ridge as maxillofacial trauma
interventions, preventing the stability of a conventional prosthesis.
- Comfort and aesthetics
Prevention and health
To perform proper oral hygiene you basically have to brush your teeth after breakfast, dinner and before bedtime, and complemented with the use of dental floss to clean interdental spaces.
Also , the tooth brush needs to be changed every so often. According to the white book of the profession, about 32% of spaniards replace their toothbrush with a new one only when its spoiled. 7.2% of men do it once aq year, compared with 3.1% of the women – and every 3 months 26.4% of the spanish men and 26.6% of the spanish women.
But if prevention work is as effective as possible other aspects must be taken into account: the method of brushing, brush types or types of toothpaste.
The time should be devoted to each tooth brushing should be between 3 to 5 minutes, maintaining frequency, without forgetting to not only brush the teeth, because plaque lodges in the entire mouth. It is therefore also necessary to clean the inner surface of the teeth, gums, palate, cheeks and tongue.